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氢氟酸相关词汇术语中英对照

发表时间:2019-10-4  浏览次数:29  
字体大小: 【小】 【中】 【大】

氢氟酸 Hydrofluoric Acid - HF

特性 Characteristics

健康危害 Health hazards

急救步骤 First aid procedures

个人防护用品 Personal protective equipment

处理与储运 Handling and transportation

医务治理 Medical treatment

医务治理预先安排的必要 Importance of pre-arrangement for medical treatment

急性接触氢氟酸死亡 Fatality on acute HF exposure

衣服没除去 Clothing not removed

沉浸于游泳池 immersed in swimming pool

40分后救护车 40min ambulance arrived

特别护理 intensive care

7天后右腿截去 7 days right leg amputated

15天各种器官失效-死 15 days multi-organ failure - die

针孔接触 PIN-HOLE CONTACT

清洗空罐 washing empty container

针孔手套 pin-hole gloves

第二天烧伤手指 second day burning finger

拔除指甲 remove finger nail

注射药剂 medical injection

性质 Properties

无色/冒烟液体 Colorless/fuming liquid

涩味 acrid odor

酸碱度1.0 (0.1 摩尔 溶解) pH 1.0 (0.1M solution)

不相容的:氨,碱 ,硫酸,有机物,橡胶,皮革,玻璃等incompatible: NH3, NaOH, H2SO4, alkalis, organic, rubber, leather, water, glass…..

避免:湿气 Avoid: moisture

健康危害 Health hazard

危害不立刻显出Harmful not immediately apparent

吸入:严重腐蚀呼吸系统 Inhalation: severely corrosive to respiratory system

皮肤接触:腐蚀性,严重的皮肤烧伤不立刻显出、疼痛, 延迟8小时或更长:很快渗透皮肤-内肤与骨骼 skin contact: corrosive, serious skin burns not immediately apparent/painful, delay 8 hours or longer: F ion readily penetrate skin - deep tissue and bone

健康危害 Health hazard

眼睛接触:腐蚀 Eye contact: corrosive

慢性暴露:>6 毫升/天- 氟蚀病,骨骼/关节伤害 chronic exposure: >6gm/day - fluorosis, bone/joint damage…

吞入:腐蚀消化系统,肾功能失效 ingestion: corrosive digestive tract, kidney dysfunction

恶化现有情况 aggravation existing conditions

急救 First aid

工作前要有详细计划 Detailed planned before work

吸入:立刻寻求医务治疗 inhalation: immediate medical help

吞入: 立刻寻求医务治疗 ingestion: immediate medical help

皮肤:长时间清洗,除去衣服….. 立刻寻求医务治疗 skin: wash long time, remove clothing, …..medical help

眼睛: 长时间清洗 ….. 立刻寻求医务治疗 eye: wash long time …..medical help

预安排医务治疗 Pre-arrange medical help

通知/预先安排可能的事件 Inform/prearrange possible incident

备好药物/设备 ready medicines/facilities

知识/物料安全资料表 information/MSDS

信件通知医生 note to physician

处理和贮藏 Handling and storage

紧密闭PE容器 Tightly closed PE container

凉爽/乾燥地方足够通风 cool/dry place adequate ventilation

避免损害 protect damage

围堵/泄漏 containment/spill

特殊材料 /供应商科技 special materials/technology from supplier

遵守/跟随警告 observe/follow warning

使用安全防护用品 Use PPE

定点/全面通风设备 Local preferred/general ventilation

消除热、火源 remove ignition source

泄漏 - 疏散地区 spill - evacuate area

处理- 干碳酸镁,碳酸钠,石灰 treat - dry MgSO4, soda ash/slaked lime

收集 - 废物处理 collect - disposal

清理/中和 clean/neutralize

个人的保护 Personal protection

防毒面具,正确类型 Respiratory, correct type

皮肤:防护衣服,长靴,安全鞋, PVC手套, 化学眼罩 /面罩,围裙 skin: protective clothing, boots/safety shoes, PVC gloves, chemical

goggles/full face shield, coveralls….

眼睛:眼罩/面罩 Eye: goggles/full face shield

氢氟酸安全 HF SAFETY

毒药,危险物,腐蚀剂 Poison, danger, corrosive

极端危险的液体/气体 extremely hazardous liquid/vapor

严重烧伤不立刻痛苦/显出 sever burn not immediate painful/visible

致命如吞下或吸进 fatal if swallowed or inhaled

烧伤皮肤,眼睛,呼吸系统 burn skin, eyes, respiratory tract

造成骨骼伤害 cause bone damage

避免进入眼睛,皮肤,衣服 Do not get in eyes, on skin, on clothing

不要吸入气体 do not breath vapor

凉后才打开 cool before opening

足够通风 adequate ventilation

彻底洗清手 wash hand thoroughly

贮藏在紧密关上容器 store in tightly close container

立刻寻求医务治理 CALL MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY

绝对遵守指示、警告 Strictly follow instruction/precaution

绝对使用个人防护用品 Always use PPE



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