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钻井工程常用名词术语翻译

发表时间:2019-10-3  浏览次数:35  
字体大小: 【小】 【中】 【大】

钻井drilling

钻井方法drilling method

顿钻钻井cable drilling

杆式顿钻rod tool drilling

绳式顿钻cable tool drilling

轻便钻井portable drilling

直井straight hole

深井deep well

超深井super deep well

地热井geothermal well

热采井thermal production well

工程井engineering rejection well

工程报废井abandoned well

弃井abandoned well

钻井设计well design

钻井质量drilling quality

岩石的物理机械性质physical-mechanical properties of rock

矿物的微硬度 micro-hardness of rook

肖氏岩石硬度 Shores hardness

史氏岩石硬度 Shi's hardness

矿物的弹性模量elastic modulus of mineral

岩石的弹性模量elastic modulus of rock

矿物的泊松比Poissons ratio mineral

岩石的泊松比Poissons ratio rock

矿物的切变模量shear modulus of mineral

岩石的切变模量shear modulus of rock

矿物和岩石的体积压缩模量bulk compressibility mineral and rock

岩石的体积压缩系数coefficient of bulk compressibility mineral and rock

岩石的抗拉伸强度tensile strength of rock

岩石的直接拉伸试验 direct tensile test of rock

岩石的巴西劈裂拉伸实验Brazilian test of rock

·岩石的筒形抗内压胀裂试验 burst test of hollow cyling by internal pressure

岩石的常规抗压缩强度 compressive strength of rock

岩石的抗剪切强度 shear strength of rock

岩石的抗剪切强度试验 shear test of rock

岩石的三轴强度试验 tri-axial test of rock

岩石的常规三轴试验 ordinary tri-axial test of rock

岩石的真三轴试验 true tri-axial test of rock

脆性岩石 brittle rock 塑性岩石plastic rock

岩石的假塑性破坏pseudo-plastic breakage of rock

岩石塑性系数coefficient of plasticity of rock

岩石的脆塑性转变压力(临界压力)brittle plastic transitional pressure of rock

岩石的库仑纳维尔强度准则Conlomb-Navier strength criterion of rock

岩石的内磨擦角和内磨擦系数angle of interal friction and coefficient of interal friction of rock

岩石的莫尔强度准则 Mohr strength criterion of rock

岩石的格里菲斯脆性破坏准则 Griffith criterion of brittle failure of rock

统计强度理论statistical strength theory

岩石的表面破碎surface fracture of rock

岩石的疲劳破碎fatigue fracture of rock

岩石的体积破碎volumetric fracture of rock

岩石的单位体积破碎pecific volumetric fracture work of rock

地应力in situ stress

岩层的水平测向应力horizontal stress of strata

测向系数coefficient of lateral pressure

围压confining pressure

有效应力effective stress

压持效应chip hold effect

岩石硬度减低剂rock hardness reducer

岩石的可钻性drill ability of rock

岩石的研磨性rock abrasiveness

钻具drilling tool 钻柱drill stem

复合钻柱combination string

满眼钻柱packed hole assembly

踏式钻铤组合tapered drill collar string

钟摆钻具pendulum assembly

偏重钻铤 unbalanced drill collar

钻柱弯曲buckling of drill string

钻具的扭转震动twisting vibration of drill string

钻杆疲劳破坏fatigue-failure of drill string

上紧矩 make-up torque

应力减轻槽stress-relief groove

减震器vibration dampener

稳定器stabilizer

井眼大扩器reamer

钻井液drilling fluids

水基钻井液water-base drilling fluids

淡水钻井液fresh-water drilling fluids

低固相钻井液low solids fluids

低固相不分散钻井液low solids non-dispersed polymer drilling fluids

抑制性钻井液inhibitive drilling fluids

盐水钻井液salt-water drilling fluids

饱和盐水钻井液saturated salt-water drilling fluids

钙处理钻井液calcium treated drilling fluids

钾盐钻井液potassium drilling fluids

混油钻井液oil-emulsion drilling fluids

生物聚合物钻井液biodegrability drilling fluids

油基钻井液oil base drilling fluids

反相乳化钻井液invert-emulsion drilling fluids

平衡活度钻井液balanced activity drilling fluids

泡沫钻井液foam drilling fluids

密闭液sealing fluids

完井液completion fluids

封隔夜packer fluids

解卡浸泡液stuck freeing spotting fluids

钻井液性能properties of drilling fluids

滤失filtration

API滤失量 API filtration

高温高压滤失量high temperature and high pressure filtration

动滤失量dynamic filtration

滤饼filter cake

含砂量sand content

钻井液固相含量solids content in drilling fluids

亚甲基兰实验methylene blue test

石灰含量lime content estimation

钻井液的酚酞碱度Pm alkalinity

滤液酚酞碱度Pt alkalinity

滤液甲基橙碱度Mf alkalinity

造浆率yield

破乳电压emulsion-breaking voltage

钻井液流变性drilling fluids rheology

漏斗粘度funnel viscosity

触变性thixotropic behavior

静切力gel strength

初切力initial gel strength

终切力10-minuto gel strength



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